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Hallux varus - causes & symptoms

Illustration of a hallux varus deformity
Hallux varus

Hallux varus is a specific and rather rare misalignment of the big toe, in which it does not point outwards, as is the case with the well-known hallux valgus, but rather inwards in the opposite direction.

What is a hallux varus?

The term "Hallux varus" describes a condition change in which the big toe increasingly leans towards the inside of the foot. This deformity is the exact opposite of the much more common hallux valgus.

Causes of a hallux varus:

A hallux varus can occur for several reasons:

  1. Congenital foot anomalies: Some people may have a tendency to hallux varus from birth.

  2. Traumatic Injuries: Injuries that affect the structure of the big toe can lead to the development of a hallux varus.

  3. Postoperative complications: Particularly after operations to correct a hallux valgus, in rare cases overcorrection and thus a hallux varus can occur.

Symptoms of a hallux varus:

The effects of a hallux varus can vary and include:

  • Pain, especially when running or after prolonged exertion

  • Instability of the toe, which can affect balance when walking

  • Difficulty wearing shoes due to unusual toe position

Since hallux varus can lead not only to discomfort but also to long-term problems, early diagnosis and treatment is essential. At the first signs, an orthopedic specialist should be consulted.


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